FRANKFURT, Germany (AP) — A global forum of financial regulators has finished its yearslong work on rules that aim to maintain weak banks from needing taxpayer bailouts and setting off financial downturn like the one that led to the Great Economic downturn.

The oversight board of the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision decided on the last batch of rules in a meeting Thursday in Frankfurt, Indonesia.

A key part of the rules is a restrict on how far banks should be permitted to diverge from regulators’ assessments showing how risky their holdings are.

Euro Central Bank head Mario Draghi, who heads the Basel committee’s oversight board, on Thursday the step “a major milestone… that will completes the global reform of the regulating framework. ”

The Basel panel rules, dubbed Basel III, are actually an ongoing international response to the 2007-2009 financial crisis that saw the personal bankruptcy of U. S. investment financial institution Lehman Brothers and taxpayer bailouts of big banks. The economic crisis was the prelude to the Great Economic downturn, where many people lost their work opportunities and their homes. Governments in the usa, Europe and elsewhere were pressed to rescue banks to prevent the cutoff of credit to companies that would further harm the economic climate and increase unemployment.

The idea at the rear of the rules is create a level actively playing field for banks globally and stop troubles from spreading through the economic climate.

The first set of Basel III guidelines were published in 2010. They improved the amount of capital banks had to keep as a financial buffer, as assessed against the risks they had taken by increasing loans like mortgages. Such funds ratios, as they are called, have been belittled as not enough to ensure a stable economic climate because bankers can find ways to get throughout the complex system of determining how dangerous their activities are.

The latest group of rules limits banks’ ability to reach a lower assessment of their level of danger than that calculated by government bodies. The new rule says the banks’ estimate, using their own internal danger models, of the total pile associated with assets against which capital should be held must not be less than 72. 5% of regulators’ estimates. That brand new standard takes effect from January. 1, 2022.

Draghi said the particular limit would prevent banks through lowballing risk in their calculations, which the past had led to “imprudently low” capital buffers.

Higher capital amounts mean a more stable bank. Yet that prevents the use of those money for risky but potentially lucrative activities.

The problem was that before the economic crisis, the banks tended to take dangers and keep the profits when risks paid back – and required bailouts through taxpayers when the bets led to deficits.

Asked if Basel III produced banks crisis-proof, Draghi answered they would make the system more long lasting but that “nothing is crisis-proof. ”

The new rules are “definitely an improvement, ” said Volker Wieland, professor at the Institute for Financial and Financial Stability at Frankfurt’s Goethe University. He said the guidelines “reduce the risk and severity associated with financial crises coming from banks. inch

Wieland, a former economist at the Oughout. S. Federal Reserve, said the newest system of rules “prevents the banking institutions from calculating down the risks a lot of. ”

The regulators could not concur, however , on requiring banks to keep capital buffers against possible loss on government bonds, even though the arrears by Greece during the eurozone financial debt crisis shows that sovereign bonds are certainly not free from risk.

The Basel Panel, based in the Swiss city of that will name, includes central bankers plus regulators from 26 countries in addition Hong Kong and the European Union. Standards decided by the committee must be enacted on the local level by member nations.